1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. To show that we trust Him, we need to do all we can to obey what He has told us in the Bible, His Word. In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack." Evidently Abiathar interpreted the will of God for David. "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. If this should happen the people of the land will leave you. Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: * And will Saul actually come as I have heard? 2 Samuel also points the way to hope: Jesus Christ. 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. 1 Samuel 18:3; 1 Samuel 20:8; 1 Samuel 20:12-17). Saul abandoned his plans to attack Keilah, and David moved on to the wilderness near Ziph. I called Karl this past week to tell him that my wife and I were thinking about him and remembering him in our prayers. 15:22-23 Put this story into your own words. 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. What lessons can we learn from this? David Strengthens Himself in the Lord (1 Samuel 29‐2 Samuel 1) 18 So the two of them renewed their covenant of friendship before the LORD. 20 Come down whenever you're ready, O king, and we will catch him and hand him over to you!" The prophet related a story to the king and then, with a clever twist in the details, got him to recognize the seriousness of his transgressions (2 Samuel 12:1-13). 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. David then moved on to Engedi, 14miles east of Ziph, to increase his safety. 2 Samuel 23-24 Success and Failure 2 Samuel 23:1-7 | 23:8- 39 | 2 Samuel 23 Bible Study 2 Samuel 24:1-9 | 24 ... What can we learn from this? They prepared to go down to Keilah to attack David and his men. 1 Samuel 23:7) and praised the Ziphites for having compassion on him. Now Saul sought and received human guidance and failed near Ziph ( 1 Samuel 23:15-23). Leave it to the wrath of God; Matthew 5:38-39 – Turn the other cheek. David Saves Keilah. Whether Israel was under judges or kings, its destiny ultimately depended on God, because all rulers answer to him. 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. There are slight variations in the way biblical scholars divide the contents of 1 Samuel. He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. God gave the answer to David"s second question first, and then He answered his first question. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" Eli explained to Samuel that God still does call people to serve him. 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. Samuel’s heritage lived on in a remarkable way. lights) and Thummim (lit. David"s men were understandably afraid to attack the Philistines who had greater numbers and stronger forces. David inquired of the Lord, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" He had 2 wives. What were the consequences disobedience in the Bible for Saul? In fact, I believe the two sections of the chapter are very much related, as we shall soon see. 22 Go and check again to be sure of where he is staying and who has seen him there, for I know that he is very crafty. What he said to David rested on God"s promises and plans for David that both Jonathan and Saul now knew (cf. Jonathan"s encouragement of David23:15-18. 2 Samuel 23:3 "The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God." 1 Peter 3:9 – Do not repay evil for evil. Samuel was one of the most God-centered leaders of the Old Testament, a man with godly character and the respect of those he served. Just as Saul and his men began to close in on David and his men, (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. Read 1 Samuel 1:1-8. Who are the main characters in these verses? "We've got him now! He ascertained God"s will by drawing one out after mentally assigning a … Glory to Honor. It may appear to the Israelites and to the Philistines that God is now being held hostage by Israel’s enemies. 21:9). ., p175. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". Exodus 28:30). 9 David learned that Saul was making plans against him. What do you think about Saul’s behaviour? Saul, having made himself drunk with the blood of the priests of the Lord, is here, in this chapter, seeking David’s life, who appears here doing good, and suffering ill, at the same time. Type: Sunday School Outlines. 21 "The LORD bless you," Saul said. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" I also told him I had used him in the introduction to my sermon, and then we reminisced about the “good old days” when Bible Baptist Church was just beginning and we met in a funeral parlor. He was "the sweet psalmist of Israel" (2 Samuel 23:1 2 Samuel 23:1 Now these be the last words of David. God could act against them in such a severe manner that Israel would not still exist. He opened and closed his prayer with an appeal to the "LORD God of Israel," the ultimate ruler of His people. 15 One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him. Why do you think God showed this to David? 1 Samuel 23 – David Saves Keliah; David Escapes from Saul A. David saves Keliah from the Philistines. What do you learn about David’s leadership? He’s worthy. Sincere obedience was the prerequisite for worship that pleased God. 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. Anne Lamotte said "You can safely assume that you've created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do." Now go back and check everything out. 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12). perfections) were evidently two stones or similar objects, one light and the other dark in color. God told David to go against the Philistines first. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. As Samuel told him, God "has rejected you from being king" (1 Samuel 15:23). He also did it by distracting David"s enemy ( 1 Samuel 23:27-28). . Only God can see the big picture. David and the Holy Bread . 23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. God has handed him over to me, for he has trapped himself in a walled city!". lights) and Thummim (lit. However there is no mention of his seeking divine help in prayer (cf. Yet, he survives by continually seeking God’s will. (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. But there is so much more we can learn from 1 Samuel 17 and this magnificent story. 9) Continually seek as you grow in the Lord: As Samuel grew, the Lord was with him (1 Samuel 3:19). He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: 9) Continually seek as you grow in the Lord: As Samuel grew, the Lord was with him (1 Samuel 3:19). He attributed cunning to David, but Saul was really the cunning hunter in this story. God did not want Saul to hunt him down, much less kill him. I mentioned that as a boy, I was always looking around, wondering where all the bodies were. In 1 Samuel 23: 7 Saul still thinks God is on his side. God is not a respecter of persons , and so He sent Nathan the prophet to confront David. Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him.. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah.We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army!" Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. Just as Saul and his men began to close in on David and his men. 5 So David and his men went to Keilah. What do you think about Saul’s behaviour? What do you learn about God’s attitude to *sacrifices? Do you shake your fist in God’s face and exclaim, “It’s not fair!”? David continues to be protected by the Lord. 7 Saul soon learned that David was at Keilah. Had his counsel been followed, the result would have been critical for David. ], "LORD God of Israel," the ultimate ruler of His people. What might be wrong with Saul’s requests to Samuel? For the moment, let me simply say that the entire chapter is about greatness. What do you learn about obeying God? 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. He’s holy. Observe his movements—where he goes, who he’s with. 23 i And as for the matter of which you and I have spoken, behold, j the L ord is between you and me forever. Who wrote this book? The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. They had taken it and tried to set it up in their temple. "go," "make more sure," "investigate," "see," "look," "learn;". The following is a suggested outline: I. Session Two. God answered his prayers ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. God is sovereign. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. The following is a suggested outline: I. Like Samson, whom we looked at in Lesson 12, Samuel was a Nazirite. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? ” 24 So David hid himself in the field. 13 So David and his men--about six hundred of them now--left Keilah and began roaming the countryside. Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found. Samuel was called to the prophetic office (i.e. In 1 Samuel we read that the ark had been captured by the Philistine tribes. Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. It is curious that Jonathan could find David, but Saul and his intelligence experts could not locate him. Jonathan and David made another covenant (cf. What did Samuel tell Saul? “There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. Thus, it became Samuel’s task to anoint a king from among the people. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.*2. The Birth of Samuel … 22 but Hannah did not go. The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers. Samuel Anoints David as King (1 Samuel 15‐16) 2. For “Rock” (see the note on 1 Sam. He is misguided and blind to his own condition and the reality of the situation he is in. 24 So the men of Ziph returned home ahead of Saul. He subsequently collaborated in an account of the deeds of David (1 Chron. Hermon to the Red Sea, including the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea regions. And during that waiting period David faced a lot of hardship. 1 Samuel: Putting God First TABLE OF CONTENTS Click on the study title you’d like to see: ... their emotional highs and lows, you’ll learn more about yourself—and how God wants to work in your life. 21 "The LORD bless you," Saul said. This psalm in the early part of 2 Samuel 23 may seem detached from and unrelated to the remainder of the chapter, which names and honors those mighty heroes who significantly contributed to David’s success. "1 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. What did Gad tell David to do (24:18)? Matthew 28:19-20). “Gad” is later called David’s seer (1 Chron. He fell flat on his face and ended up with a broken neck. 1 Samuel 23. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah. The Lord, who is a perfect Father, loves us and knows what will work out best in our lives. 1. Please let your servant speak to you, hear what your servant his to say…” (1 Samuel 25:23-24) Abigail had the courage and strength to shoulder the blame for something she didn’t do. 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. God chose David as Saul’s 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. He also described himself as the Lord"s "servant" twice. The presence of the ephod made it possible for David to continue to obtain guidance from the Lord in answer to his prayers. in God. to be a special spokesman for God) when he was very young. 6:1-8). Meanwhile, David and his men had moved into the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah Valley south of Jeshimon. 6 Abiathar the priest went to Keilah with David, taking the ephod with him to get answers for David from the LORD. Introduction: Why do haters hate? Why do you think God showed this to David? In 1 Samuel we see the story of God’s people.